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How Old Is Usa History of America VideoIs the United States a Country?If you use the date that they won the American Revolution, then that is Sept 3, That would make the US years old ( in September). If you use the date that the officially united to become the United States of America, that would be November 5, That would make the USA years old ( in November). America, referring to the United States, was officially years old on July 4, If one dates from the adoption of the Constitution in , the nation was years old. The first. 7/4/ · America is actually years old today. The Declaration of Independence was adopted and published on July 4, by the Continental Congress and delegates began signing it later that . This is the official Twitter account of #BMW of North America - for BMW fans and drivers in the USA. Woodcliff Lake, NJ aikido-bourgogne.com Fragen im Vorstellungsgespräch für Account Manager. How old are you?. Rakim (pronounced rah-KIM) (Born William Michael Griffin Jr. on January 28, in Long Island, New York, USA) is an American rapper and. USA · Florida (FL) · Miami Beach · Miami Beach Hotels; Lexington Hotel - Miami Beach Bilder. Suchen Bed still in old plastic. Old water damage. SP M.
Alles in allem How Old Is Usa PayPal eine How Old Is Usa vorteilhaftesten Bankmethoden fГr das Online-Casino-Gameplay. - how old is rakimGenau: 0. Density, proportion, increase, foreign born, Negro. 1: Gannett, Henry, ; United States. Census Office. The simple answer is that as of the 4th of July , the United States is years old. It’s years-old because the Declaration of Independence was ratified by the US Second Continental Congress on July 4, The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America, consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. Watch full episodes of current and classic USA shows online. Plus find clips, previews, photos and exclusive online features on aikido-bourgogne.com The United States of America declared independence from Britain on July 4, Which means it is years old.
Schleswig-Holstein How Old Is Usa wohltГtige Zwecke gespendet. - Navigation menuThe old 5.
Find how to apply for a Social Security number or to replace your Social Security card. While you work, you pay Social Security taxes.
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Legally to be a homeowner in the United States of America, you'd have to be an official citizen of the United States and be of the age of 18 years old.
The United States of America are located in North America. In the sentence The United States of America is located in North America the nouns are United States, America, and North America.
Literally, it means: 'How many years do the United States of America have? The translation to English usage is: 'How old is the United States of America?
North America is. The United States of America is part of North America. Other words for the United States are United States of America or America, U.
The qualifications for President of the United States are: Must be a natural born or citizen of the United States of America Must be at least 35 years of age Must have been a resident in the United States of America for 14 years.
The United States of AmericaUnited States of America. The Presidet of the United States of America. The person that is in charge of the United States of America is the President of the United States.
The capital of the United States of America is Washington, DC. Is United States of america a phrasal compound.
The united states of America The united states of America. American public education is operated by state and local governments and regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants.
In most states, children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven generally, kindergarten or first grade until they turn 18 generally bringing them through twelfth grade , the end of high school ; some states allow students to leave school at 16 or Of Americans 25 and older, The United States has many private and public institutions of higher education.
The majority of the world's top universities, as listed by various ranking organizations, are in the U. In , U21 , a network of research-intensive universities, ranked the United States first in the world for breadth and quality of higher education, and 15th when GDP was a factor.
The United States is a federal republic of 50 states , a federal district , five territories and several uninhabited island possessions.
It is a federal republic and a representative democracy "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law. In the American federalist system , citizens are usually subject to three levels of government : federal, state, and local.
The local government 's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district.
The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the U. Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document.
Article One protects the right to the writ of habeas corpus. The Constitution has been amended 27 times;  the first ten amendments, which make up the Bill of Rights , and the Fourteenth Amendment form the central basis of Americans' individual rights.
All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided.
The principle of judicial review, not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, was established by the Supreme Court in Marbury v.
Madison  in a decision handed down by Chief Justice John Marshall. The House of Representatives has voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term.
House seats are apportioned among the states by population. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment.
The District of Columbia and the five major U. The Senate has members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one-third of Senate seats are up for election every two years.
The president is not elected by direct vote , but by an indirect electoral college system in which the determining votes are apportioned to the states and the District of Columbia.
The 50 states are the principal political divisions in the country. Each state holds jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory, where it shares sovereignty with the federal government.
They are subdivided into counties or county equivalents and further divided into municipalities. The District of Columbia is a federal district that contains the capital of the United States, Washington, D.
Each state has presidential electors equal to the number of their representatives and senators in Congress; the District of Columbia has three because of the 23rd Amendment.
The United States also observes tribal sovereignty of the American Indian nations to a limited degree, as it does with the states' sovereignty.
American Indians are U. Congress and the federal courts. Like the states they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency.
Citizenship is granted at birth in all states, the District of Columbia, and all major U. The United States has operated under a two-party system for most of its history.
Since the general election of , the major parties have been the Democratic Party , founded in , and the Republican Party , founded in The president and vice president are elected by the Electoral College.
In American political culture , the center-right Republican Party is considered " conservative " and the center-left Democratic Party is considered " liberal ".
The " red states " of the South and parts of the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains are relatively conservative. Republican Donald Trump , the winner of the presidential election , is serving as the 45th president of the United States.
In the th United States Congress , the House of Representatives is controlled by the Democratic Party and the Senate is controlled by the Republican Party, giving the U.
The Senate consists of 52 Republicans and 46 Democrats with two Independents who caucus with the Democrats; the House consists of Democrats, Republicans, and 1 Libertarian.
Among the D. The United States has an established structure of foreign relations. New York City is home to the United Nations Headquarters.
Almost all countries have embassies in Washington, D. Likewise, nearly all nations host American diplomatic missions. However, Iran , North Korea , Bhutan , and the Republic of China Taiwan do not have formal diplomatic relations with the United States although the U.
The United States has a " Special Relationship " with the United Kingdom  and strong ties with India , Canada ,  Australia ,  New Zealand ,  the Philippines ,  Japan ,  South Korea ,  Israel ,  and several European Union countries, including France , Italy , Germany , Spain and Poland.
Colombia is traditionally considered by the United States as its most loyal ally in South America. Taxation in the United States is progressive ,   and is levied at the federal, state, and local government levels.
This includes taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates, and gifts, as well as various fees.
Taxation in the United States is based on citizenship, not residency. The United States is one of the only countries in the world to do so.
In taxes collected by federal, state and municipal governments amounted to The president is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces and appoints its leaders, the secretary of defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
The Department of Defense administers five of the six service branches, which are made up of the Army , Marine Corps , Navy , Air Force , and Space Force.
The Coast Guard , also a branch of the armed forces, is administered by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and by the Department of the Navy in wartime.
In , all six branches of the U. Armed Forces reported 1. Military service in the United States is voluntary, although conscription may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System.
The military operates about bases and facilities abroad,  and maintains deployments greater than active duty personnel in 25 foreign countries.
The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and one of nine countries to possess nuclear weapons.
Law enforcement in the United States is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and sheriff 's offices, with state police providing broader services.
Federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI and the U. Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights , national security and enforcing U.
A cross-sectional analysis of the World Health Organization Mortality Database from showed that United States homicide rates "were 7.
The United States has the highest documented incarceration rate and largest prison population in the world. Capital punishment is sanctioned in the United States for certain federal and military crimes, and at the state level in 28 states, though three states have moratoriums on carrying out the penalty imposed by their governors.
Supreme Court ruling striking down the practice. Since the decision, however, there have been more than 1, executions.
According to the International Monetary Fund , the U. In , the total U. From to , U. In , the private sector was estimated to constitute With The largest private employment sector is health care and social assistance, with It has a smaller welfare state and redistributes less income through government action than most European nations.
The United States is the only advanced economy that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation  and is one of a few countries in the world without paid family leave as a legal right.
The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the midth century.
Methods for producing interchangeable parts were developed by the U. War Department by the Federal Armories during the first half of the 19th century.
This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U. Factory electrification in the early 20th century and introduction of the assembly line and other labor-saving techniques created the system of mass production.
In , Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U. Thomas Edison 's research laboratory , one of the first of its kind, developed the phonograph , the first long-lasting light bulb , and the first viable movie camera.
In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line. The Wright brothers , in , made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight.
The rise of fascism and Nazism in the s and 30s led many European scientists, including Albert Einstein , Enrico Fermi , and John von Neumann , to immigrate to the United States.
The invention of the transistor in the s, a key active component in practically all modern electronics , led to many technological developments and a significant expansion of the U.
Advancements by American microprocessor companies such as Advanced Micro Devices AMD and Intel , along with both computer software and hardware companies such as Adobe Systems , Apple Inc.
The ARPANET was developed in the s to meet Defense Department requirements, and became the first of a series of networks which evolved into the Internet.
Accounting for 4. After years of stagnation, median household income reached a record high in following two consecutive years of record growth.
Income inequality remains at record highs however, with the top fifth of earners taking home more than half of all overall income.
There were about , sheltered and unsheltered homeless persons in the U. Of those impoverished, The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since , while most major airports are publicly owned.
Transport is the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions by the United States , which are the second highest by country, exceeded only by China's.
The United States energy market is about 29, terawatt hours per year. The remainder was supplied by nuclear and renewable energy sources.
The United States is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. Americans have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic , competitiveness, and individualism,  as well as a unifying belief in an " American creed " emphasizing liberty, equality, private property, democracy, rule of law, and a preference for limited government.
The American Dream , or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility , plays a key role in attracting immigrants.
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe.
Writers such as Washington Irving , Nathaniel Hawthorne , Edgar Allan Poe , and Henry David Thoreau established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the 19th century.
Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the century's second half; Emily Dickinson , virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential American poet.
Scott Fitzgerald 's The Great Gatsby and Harper Lee 's To Kill a Mockingbird —may be dubbed the " Great American Novel.
Thirteen U. William Faulkner , Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century. The Beat Generation writers opened up new literary approaches, as have postmodernist authors such as John Barth , Thomas Pynchon , and Don DeLillo.
The transcendentalists , led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson , established the first major American philosophical movement.
After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Peirce and then William James and John Dewey were leaders in the development of pragmatism.
In the 20th century, the work of W. Quine and Richard Rorty , and later Noam Chomsky , brought analytic philosophy to the fore of American philosophical academia.
John Rawls and Robert Nozick also led a revival of political philosophy. In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a midth-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism.
The Armory Show in New York City, an exhibition of European modernist art , shocked the public and transformed the U. Major artistic movements such as the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and the pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein developed largely in the United States.
The tide of modernism and then postmodernism has brought fame to American architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright , Philip Johnson , and Frank Gehry.
Early settlers were introduced by Native Americans to such indigenous, non-European foods as turkey, sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and maple syrup.
They and later immigrants combined these with foods they had known, such as wheat flour,  beef, and milk to create a distinctive American cuisine.
Homegrown foods are part of a shared national menu on one of America's most popular holidays, Thanksgiving , when some Americans make traditional foods to celebrate the occasion.
The American fast food industry, the world's largest,  pioneered the drive-through format in the s. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed.
One of America's early composers was a man named William Billings who, born in Boston, composed patriotic hymns in the s. Although little known at the time, Charles Ives 's work of the s established him as the first major U.
Aaron Copland and George Gershwin developed a new synthesis of popular and classical music. The rhythmic and lyrical styles of African-American music have deeply influenced American music at large, distinguishing it from European and African traditions.
Elements from folk idioms such as the blues and what is now known as old-time music were adopted and transformed into popular genres with global audiences.
Jazz was developed by innovators such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington early in the 20th century. Country music developed in the s, and rhythm and blues in the s.
Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry were among the mids pioneers of rock and roll. Rock bands such as Metallica , the Eagles , and Aerosmith are among the highest grossing in worldwide sales.
More recent American creations include hip hop , salsa , techno , and house music. Hollywood , a northern district of Los Angeles , California, is one of the leaders in motion picture production.
Director D. The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the " Golden Age of Hollywood ", from the early sound period until the early s,  with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures.
Notable films topping the American Film Institute 's AFI list include Orson Welles 's Citizen Kane , which is frequently cited as the greatest film of all time,   Casablanca , The Godfather , Gone with the Wind , Lawrence of Arabia , The Wizard of Oz , The Graduate , On the Waterfront , Schindler's List , Singin' in the Rain , It's a Wonderful Life and Sunset Boulevard American football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport;  the National Football League NFL has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world, and the Super Bowl is watched by tens of millions globally.
Baseball has been regarded as the U. Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading professional team sports , with the top leagues being the National Basketball Association NBA and the National Hockey League NHL.
College football and basketball attract large audiences. Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States. The Summer Olympics in St.
Louis , Missouri , were the first ever Olympic Games held outside of Europe. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact.
The four major broadcasters in the U. The four major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches.
In , the number of U. In addition, there are 1, public radio stations. Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public or private funds, subscriptions, and corporate underwriting.
Much public-radio broadcasting is supplied by NPR. NPR was incorporated in February under the Public Broadcasting Act of ; its television counterpart, PBS , was created by the same legislation.
Federal Communications Commission FCC. Well-known newspapers include The Wall Street Journal , The New York Times , and USA Today.
With very few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U. Major cities often have "alternative weeklies" to complement the mainstream daily papers, such as New York City's The Village Voice or Los Angeles' LA Weekly.
Major cities may also support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, and papers for local ethnic and social groups.
Aside from web portals and search engines , the most popular websites are Facebook , YouTube , Wikipedia , Yahoo!
More than publications are produced in Spanish, the second most commonly used language in the United States behind English.
Hounshell, David A. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the landmass comprising North, Central, South America, and the Caribbean, see Americas.
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For 50 of the nation's first 72 years, a slaveholder served as President of the United States and, during that period, only slaveholding presidents were re-elected to second terms.
Slave rebellions, by Gabriel Prosser , Denmark Vesey , Nat Turner , and most famously by John Brown , caused fear in the white South, which imposed stricter oversight of slaves and reduced the rights of free blacks.
The Fugitive Slave Act of required the states to cooperate with slave owners when attempting to recover escaped slaves, which outraged Northerners.
Formerly, an escaped slave that reached a non-slave state was presumed to have attained sanctuary and freedom under the Missouri Compromise.
The Supreme Court's decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford ruled that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional; angry Republicans said this decision threatened to make slavery a national institution.
After Abraham Lincoln won the election , seven Southern states seceded from the union and set up a new nation, the Confederate States of America Confederacy , on February 8, It attacked Fort Sumter , a U.
Army fort in South Carolina, thus igniting the war. When Lincoln called for troops to suppress the Confederacy in April , four more states seceded and joined the Confederacy.
A few of the northernmost " slave states " did not secede and became known as the border states ; these were Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri.
During the war, the northwestern portion of Virginia seceded from the Confederacy. The Civil War began on April 12, , when elements of , Confederate forces attacked a U.
In response to the attack, on April 15, Lincoln called on the states to send detachments totaling 75, troops to recapture forts, protect the capital, and "preserve the Union", which in his view still existed intact despite the actions of the seceding states.
The two armies had their first major clash at the First Battle of Bull Run Battle of Manassas , ending in a Union defeat, but, more importantly, proved to both the Union and Confederacy that the war would be much longer and bloodier than originally anticipated.
The war soon divided into two theaters: Eastern and Western. In the western theater, the Union was relatively successful, with major battles, such as Perryville and Shiloh along with Union gunboat dominance of navigable rivers producing strategic Union victories and destroying major Confederate operations.
Warfare in the Eastern theater began poorly for the Union as the Confederates won at Manassas Junction Bull Run , just outside Washington.
Major General George B. McClellan was put in charge of the Union armies. After reorganizing the new Army of the Potomac , McClellan failed to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia in his Peninsula Campaign and retreated after attacks from newly appointed Confederate General Robert E.
The main action was Union success in controlling the border states, with Confederates largely driven out of Maryland, West Virginia a new state , Kentucky and Missouri.
The autumn Confederate campaign into Maryland was designed to hurt Union morale and win European support. It ended with Confederate retreat at the Battle of Antietam , and Lincoln's warning he would issue an Emancipation Proclamation in January if the states did not return.
Making slavery a central war goal energized Republicans in the North, as well as their enemies, the anti-war Copperhead Democrats.
It ended the risk of British and French intervention. Lee's smaller army won at the Battle of Fredericksburg late in , causing yet another change in commanders.
Lee won again at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May , while losing his top aide, Stonewall Jackson. But Lee pushed too hard and ignored the Union threat in the west.
Lee invaded Pennsylvania in search of supplies and to cause war-weariness in the North. In perhaps the turning point of the war , Lee's army was badly beaten at the Battle of Gettysburg , July 1—3, , and barely made it back to Virginia.
Foreign trade increased, with the United States providing both food and cotton to Britain, And Britain sending in manufactured products and thousands of volunteers for the Union Army plus a few to the Confederates.
The British operated blockade runners bringing in food, luxury items and munitions to the Confederacy, bringing out tobacco and cotton.
The Union blockade increasingly shut down Confederate ports, and by late the blockade runners were usually captured before they could make more than a handful of runs.
In the West, on July 4, , Union forces under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant gained control of the Mississippi River at the Battle of Vicksburg , thereby splitting the Confederacy.
Lincoln made General Grant commander of all Union armies. Grant put General William Tecumseh Sherman in charge of the Western armies. In , Sherman marched south from Chattanooga to capture Atlanta, a decisive victory that ended war jitters among Republicans in the North who feared they might fail to reelect Lincoln in Lincoln won a landslide.
The last two years of the war were bloody for both sides, With Sherman marching almost unopposed through central and eastern Georgia, then moving up through South Carolina and North Carolina, burning cities, destroying plantations, ruining railroads and bridges, but avoiding civilian casualties.
Sherman demonstrated that the South lacked the long-term ability to resist a northern invasion. Much of the heartland of the Confederacy was physically destroyed, and could no longer provide desperately needed food, horses, mules, wagons, boots or munitions to its combat armies.
In spring Grant, realizing that Lee was unable to replenish casualties, while Lincoln would provide replacements for Union losses, launched a war of attrition against Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.
This war of attrition was divided into three main campaigns. The first of these, the Overland Campaign forced Lee to retreat into the city of Petersburg where Grant launched his second major offensive, the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign in which he besieged Petersburg.
After a near ten-month siege, Petersburg surrendered. However, the defense of Fort Gregg allowed Lee to move his army out of Petersburg.
Grant pursued and launched the final, Appomattox Campaign which resulted in Lee surrendering his Army of Northern Virginia numbering 28, on April 9, , at Appomattox Court House.
Other Confederate armies followed suit and the war ended with no postwar insurgency. The American Civil War was the world's earliest industrial war.
Railroads, the telegraph, steamships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War I.
It remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of about , soldiers and an undetermined number of civilian casualties.
According to historian Allan Nevins , the Civil War had a major long-term impact on the United States in terms of developing its leadership potential and moving the entire nation beyond the adolescent stage:.
The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, In a single stroke it changed the legal status, as recognized by the U.
It had the practical effect that as soon as a slave escaped the control of the Confederate government, by running away or through advances of federal troops, the slave became legally and actually free.
The owners were never compensated. Plantation owners, realizing that emancipation would destroy their economic system, sometimes moved their slaves as far as possible out of reach of the Union army.
By June , the Union Army controlled all of the Confederacy and liberated all of the designated slaves. The severe dislocations of war and Reconstruction had a large negative impact on the black population, with a large amount of sickness and death.
Reconstruction lasted from Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, to the Compromise of The major issues faced by Lincoln were the status of the ex-slaves called "Freedmen" , the loyalty and civil rights of ex-rebels, the status of the 11 ex-Confederate states, the powers of the federal government needed to prevent a future civil war, and the question of whether Congress or the President would make the major decisions.
The severe threats of starvation and displacement of the unemployed Freedmen were met by the first major federal relief agency, the Freedmen's Bureau , operated by the Army.
Three " Reconstruction Amendments " were passed to expand civil rights for black Americans: the Thirteenth Amendment outlawed slavery; the Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed equal rights for all and citizenship for blacks; the Fifteenth Amendment prevented race from being used to disenfranchise men.
Ex-Confederates remained in control of most Southern states for over two years, but changed when the Radical Republicans gained control of Congress in the elections.
President Andrew Johnson , who sought easy terms for reunions with ex-rebels, was virtually powerless in the face of the Radical Republican Congress; he was impeached, but the Senate's attempt to remove him from office failed by one vote.
Congress enfranchised black men and temporarily stripped many ex-Confederate leaders of the right to hold office. New Republican governments came to power based on a coalition of Freedmen made up of Carpetbaggers new arrivals from the North , and Scalawags native white Southerners.
They were backed by the U. Opponents said they were corrupt and violated the rights of whites. State by state, they lost power to a conservative-Democratic coalition, which gained control of the entire South by In response to Radical Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan KKK emerged in as a white-supremacist organization opposed to black civil rights and Republican rule.
President Ulysses Grant's vigorous enforcement of the Ku Klux Klan Act of shut down the Klan, and it disbanded. Paramilitary groups, such as the White League and Red Shirts emerged about that worked openly to use intimidation and violence to suppress black voting to regain white political power in states across the South during the s.
Rable described them as the military arm of the Democratic Party. Reconstruction ended after the disputed election. The Compromise of gave Republican candidate Rutherford B.
Hayes the White House in exchange for removing all remaining federal troops in the South. The federal government withdrew its troops from the South, and Southern Democrats took control of every Southern state.
They passed segregation laws and imposed second-class status on blacks in a system known as Jim Crow that lasted until the Civil Rights Movement.
The latter half of the nineteenth century was marked by the rapid development and settlement of the far West, first by wagon trains and riverboats and then aided by the completion of the transcontinental railroad.
Large numbers of European immigrants especially from Germany and Scandinavia took up low-cost or free farms in the Prairie States.
Mining for silver and copper opened up the Mountain West. The United States Army fought frequent small-scale wars with Native Americans as settlers encroached on their traditional lands.
Gradually the U. According to the U. Bureau of the Census , from to The Indian wars under the government of the United States have been more than 40 in number.
They have cost the lives of about 19, white men, women and children, including those killed in individual combats, and the lives of about 30, Indians.
The actual number of killed and wounded Indians must be very much higher than the given Fifty percent additional would be a safe estimate.
The "Gilded Age" was a term that Mark Twain used to describe the period of the late 19th century with a dramatic expansion of American wealth and prosperity, underscored by the mass corruption in the government.
Reforms of the Age included the Civil Service Act , which mandated a competitive examination for applicants for government jobs.
Other important legislation included the Interstate Commerce Act , which ended railroads' discrimination against small shippers, and the Sherman Antitrust Act , which outlawed monopolies in business.
Twain believed that this age was corrupted by such elements as land speculators, scandalous politics, and unethical business practices.
Beard and Matthew Josephson , some historians have argued that the United States was effectively plutocratic for at least part of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era.
Morgan and John D. Rockefeller began to amass vast fortunes, many U. By American industrial production and per capita income exceeded those of all other world nations.
In response to heavy debts and decreasing farm prices, wheat and cotton farmers joined the Populist Party. From to , peak years of immigration, more than 22 million people migrated to the United States.
Many immigrants were craftsmen especially from Britain and Germany bringing human skills, and others were farmers especially from Germany and Scandinavia who purchased inexpensive land on the Prairies from railroads who sent agents to Europe.
Poverty, growing inequality and dangerous working conditions, along with socialist and anarchist ideas diffusing from European immigrants, led to the rise of the labor movement , which often included violent strikes.
Skilled workers banded together to control their crafts and raise wages by forming labor unions in industrial areas of the Northeast.
Before the s few factory workers joined the unions in the labor movement. Samuel Gompers led the American Federation of Labor — , coordinating multiple unions.
Industrial growth was rapid, led by John D. Rockefeller in oil and Andrew Carnegie in steel; both became leaders of philanthropy Gospel of Wealth , giving away their fortunes to create the modern system of hospitals, universities, libraries, and foundations.
The Panic of broke out and was a severe nationwide depression impacting farmers, workers, and businessmen who saw prices, wages, and profits fall.
The resultant political reaction fell on the Democratic Party, whose leader President Grover Cleveland shouldered much of the blame.
Labor unrest involved numerous strikes, most notably the violent Pullman Strike of , which was shut down by federal troops under Cleveland's orders.
The Populist Party gained strength among cotton and wheat farmers, as well as coal miners, but was overtaken by the even more popular Free Silver movement, which demanded using silver to enlarge the money supply, leading to inflation that the silverites promised would end the depression.
The financial, railroad, and business communities fought back hard, arguing that only the gold standard would save the economy.
In the most intense election in the nation's history, conservative Republican William McKinley defeated silverite William Jennings Bryan , who ran on the Democratic, Populist, and Silver Republican tickets.
Bryan swept the South and West, but McKinley ran up landslides among the middle class, industrial workers, cities, and among upscale farmers in the Midwest.
Prosperity returned under McKinley, the gold standard was enacted, and the tariff was raised. By the U. Apart from two short recessions in and the overall economy remained prosperous and growing until Republicans, citing McKinley's policies, took the credit.
The United States emerged as a world economic and military power after The main episode was the Spanish—American War , which began when Spain refused American demands to reform its oppressive policies in Cuba.
At the Treaty of Paris peace conference the United States acquired the Philippines , Puerto Rico , and Guam. Cuba became an independent country, under close American tutelage.
Although the war itself was widely popular, the peace terms proved controversial. William Jennings Bryan led his Democratic Party in opposition to control of the Philippines, which he denounced as imperialism unbecoming to American democracy.
McKinley easily defeated Bryan in a rematch in the presidential election. After defeating an insurrection by Filipino nationalists , the United States achieved little in the Philippines except in education, and it did something in the way of public health.December 15, Retrieved October 5, Other languages spoken at home by one million people or more include Chinese 2. Archived from the original on December 23,Valente is a polyglot ; she speaks six languages, and sings in eleven. Bearbeitungszeit: ms. Valente in This biography Greyhound Wetaskiwin a living person needs additional citations for verification.The Guardian. The company's first expedition was led by Peter Minuitwho had been governor of New Netherland from to but left after a dispute with the Dutch government, and landed in Delaware Bay in March Foreign Affairs. John Adamsa Federalist, defeated Jefferson in the election. The severe threats Silvester SchnГ¤ppchen 2021 starvation and displacement of the unemployed Freedmen were met by the first major federal relief agency, the Freedmen's Bureauoperated by the Army. Revisiting the Concept of Underinsurance". Retrieved Mega App 19, Main articles: Federal government of the United StatesPolitics of the United StatesState governments of the United States Em Tipp Deutschland Polen, and Local government Eorojackpot the United States. The major accomplishments of the Washington Administration were creating a strong national government that was recognized without question by all Americans. Asked by Wiki User.